BANANA, Musa x paridasiaca (MUSACEAE)
Bananas and plantains are widely grown in humid tropics, mainly in India, Ecuador, Costa Rica, Philippines, and Colombia and are one of the typical exporting fruit articles (to Europe, North America, Japan) but also an important article for local markets.
CACAO, COCOA, Theobroma cacao L. (STERCULIACEAE)
Sometimes the name differs for plant (cacao) and products (cocoa) or for both cocoa. Important tropical plant originally from the upper basin of the Amazon and its headwaters (in Peru, Ecuador, Colombia and Brazil).
There are three broad types of cocoa - FORASTERO and CRILLO plus TRINITARIO, which is a hybrid of Forastero and Crillo. There are several varieties of these types.
CITRUS, Citrus ssp. (RUTACEAE)
An important fruit such as oranges, grapefruit, lemons, limes, and tangerines.
COFFEE, Coffea L. (RUBIACEAE)
Wild plants of most species of Coffea are components of the understorey of tropical forests in Africa. Whereas many
forms of C. canephora can be found in the equatorial lowland forests from Guinea to Uganda, the centre of genetic
diversity of C. arabica is restricted to the south-western highlands of Ethiopia. Most of the coffee plants distributed
to Asia and Latin America were of C. arabica var. arabica, usually called typica (syn.: C. arabica var. typica Cramer).
COTTON, Gossypium sp. (MALVACEAE)
a shrub native to tropical and subtropical regions around the world, including India and Africa.
EUCALYPTUS, Eucalyptus ssp. (MYRTACEAE)
Dominate the tree flora of Australia. Many eucalyptus have been planted in various parts of the world including the dry regions of Southern California and in Africa, Portugal, Spain, South America, and on forestry plantations in India, China and South Africa.
INDIA RUBBER TREE, Ficus elastica Roxb. (MORACEAE)
Production of India rubber is now negligible because of the higher yield and better quality of para rubber. However, India
rubber is hypoallergenic to individuals allergic to some proteins contained in Hevea brasiliensis rubber and may become
important thanks to this special property.
JATROPHA, Jatropha curcas L. (EUPHORBIACEAE)
Source of oil for biodiesel production.
MACADAMIA, Macadamia integrifolia and Macadamia tetraphylla
Delicious nuts used as food and for the production of oil for cosmetics.
MELON, MUSKMELON, Cucumis melo, L. (CUCURBITACEAE)
Food and drink with high content of vitamins.
GARLIC, Allium sativum L.
ONION, Allium cepa L. (ALLIACEAE; Amaryllidaceae)
Important Antioxidant for Better Human Health.
PELARGONIUM - GERANIUM OIL PLANT, Pelargonium (GERANIACEAE)
Important essential oil plant.
PINEAPPLE, Ananas comosus (L.) (BROMELIACEAE)
Juicy fruits, substances for cosmetics, cloth and industry
Bromeliads, including pineapple, are grown for their leaf fibres, and many more are grown as ornamentals. Ananas comosus (L) Merr. is the only species grown commercially for its fruit.
ROSE, Rosa ssp. (ROSACEAE)
Plenty of species and cultivars commercially used as cut flowers.
SUGAR CANE, Saccharum officinarum L. (POACEAE)
Sugar cane has its origin in tropical South Asia and Southeast Asia and its current production amounts to 1.5 mil. tons.
The world's largest producer of sugar cane by far is Brazil followed by India.
TEA, Camellia sinensis (L.) Kuntze (CAMELLIACEAE; ThEACEAE s.l.)
The tea grown in China and Japan is all C. sinensis var. sinensis ('China tea'), which has smaller leaves and more cold
tolerance but grows less vigorously than C. sinensis var. assamica (Mast.) - the basis for the tea industries South - East Asia, Africa and South America.
TOBACCO, Nicotiana tabacum L. (SOLANACEAE)
Domesticated in Central and South America more than 2, 000 years ago. When the first Spanish explorers arrived they
found that tobacco smoking was widespread among the local people.
TOMATO, Solanum lycopersicum (SOLANACEAE)
Solanum lycopersicum, syn. Lycopersicon lycopersicum is native to South America from Mexico to
Argentina. Tomatoes are short-lived perennials cropped as annuals.
BLUEBBERRY, WHORTLEBERRY, BILBERRY, CRANBERRY, HUCKLEBERRY Vaccinium L. (ERICACEAE)