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SUGAR CANE Saccharum officinarum L. (POACEAE)

Sugar cane has its origin in tropical South Asia and Southeast Asia and its current production amounts to 1.5 mil. tons.
The world's largest producer of sugar cane by far is Brazil followed by India.

Uses of sugar cane include the production of sugar, Falernum, molasses, wax, rum, soda, cachaça (the national spirit of Brazil) and ethanol for fuel. Molasses is used as a sweetener, in industrial alcohol, for explosives, synthetic rubber, and in combustion engines. Freshly extracted juice is a popular drink and the young unexpanded inflorescence of 'tebu telur' is eaten raw, steamed or toasted, and prepared in various ways. The bagasse that remains after sugar cane crushing may be burned to provide both heat - used in the mill, and electricity - typically sold to the consumer electricity grid. It may also (for its high cellulose content) be used as raw material for paper.
Ecology and planting
Sugar cane cultivation requires a tropical or subtropical climate, with a minimum of 600 mm of annual rainfall. It requires a hot humid climate alternating with dry periods and thrives best at low elevations on flat or slightly sloping land. Sugar cane is propagated from cuttings. Each cutting must have at least one bud, a stand of cane can be harvested several times; after each harvest, the cane sends up new stalks, called ratoons. It typically takes about 12 months to reach maturity although the time varies widely around the world. Usually, each successive harvest gives a smaller yield and, eventually, the declining yields justify replanting. Depending on agricultural practice, two to ten harvests may be possible between plantings.
Mycorrhiza & Bio-fertilizers
Inoculation of sugar cane is just being tested in Pakistan. Sugar cane has been reported as a highly mycorrhiza dependent species and the expected yield increase is minimum 20% of total biomass. Lack of mycorrhiza was reported from the southern part of USA as a cause of decreased yields of sugar cane fields. Reintroduction of mycorrhiza can positively influence yield stability of monocrop fields and prolong the time when full production of the field is secured. Mycorrhiza increases resistance to soil borne pathogens and reduces vulnerability of crop to drought stress.
Recommended products:
Symbivit: mycorrhizal product
Conavit: slow release fertlizer

Contact: info@plantaglobe.com

More details:
Info sheet Sugar cane [PDF]