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BANANA Musa x paridasiaca (MUSACEAE) - One of the principal fruit crops in the world

Bananas and plantains are widely grown in humid tropics, mainly in India, Ecuador, Costa Rica, Philippines, and Colombia and are one of the typical exporting fruit articles (to Europe, North America, Japan) but also an important article for local markets.

Very popular food that further constitutes the major staple food crop for millions of people in most tropical countries. Green (unripe) bananas used for cooking represent the main cultivars. Cooking bananas are very similar to potatoes as to their use. The ripe banana is utilized in a multitude of ways in the human diet from simply being peeled and eaten out of hand to being sliced and served in different ways. All parts of the banana plant have medicinal applications. Banana leaves are widely used as plates, for lining cooking pits and to wrap food for cooking or storage.
Ecology and planting
A suitable banana climate is a mean temperature of 27°C and mean rainfall of 100 mm per month. There should not be more than 3 months of dry season; planted on sunny hill sides at elevations of 100 m up to 1,000 m, in East Africa up to 1,500 m above sea level. Plants are propagated asexually from offshoots. The plant is allowed to produce 2 shoots at a time; a larger one for fruiting immediately, and a smaller one that will produce fruit in 6-8 months time. The banana requires minimum 10 to 12 months from planting to the harvest. The Density of plants may range from 600 to 4,400 plants per hectare; The commercial life is about 5 or 6 years.
Mycorrhiza & Bio-fertilizers
Mycorrhizal inoculation was proved to stimulate fructification, expected at minimum 1 month earlier than controls and 15% increase of fruit total yield. Increased leaf area and fresh weight of micropropagated banana plants were found following inoculation with commercial mycorrhizal inocula. The inoculation can be optimally carried out in a nursery when plants are propagated from tissue cultures or cuttings (small amounts of inocula needed) or alternatively inoculum can be placed together with biofertilizer at the bottom of the planting hole when plants are outplanted in the field.
Recommended products:
Symbivit: mycorrhizal product
Conavit: slow release fertlizer

Contact: info@plantaglobe.com

More details:
Info sheet Banana [PDF]